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arctic/['ɑ:ktik]/ a. 北极的, 极寒的 n. 北极圈, 北极...

新概念英语第三册63-03

【课文讲解】

如果当不定式做表语,主句结构当中也出现了不定式,做表语的不定式to符号应该被略掉,以避免重复。

Eg: The only thing to do is help you in this way.

What I want you to do is help me.

What does the writer aim at?

He just wants to illustrate to show that punctuality is quite important.

The over-punctual is as irritating as the unpunctual, but on some occasions, we’d better keep over-punctuality.

comfortably

mean doing sth.

less

draw up: 停车

draw (pull) out of station: 离站

背熟:you avoid the frustration of arriving at the very moment when the train is drawing out of the station and being unable to get on it.

When we get faulures over and over again, we always get the frustration inside our heart.

the frustration inside you can prevent you from doing what you are doing

in good time == on time

befall: sth. bad happen to

Eg: Such a bad experience befall him.

due: 按照计划(安排)而正常进行

Eg: The meeting is due to begin at 9 o’clock tomorrow morning.

The train is due to set off at 3 pm.

What happened to her? What befell her?

impress upon sb. that 再三地叮嘱某人 repeat sth. over and over again

forgive --> forgivable --> unforgivable

make two journeys to meet her: 往返两次做什么

to her horror / terror / fear

on which 定语从句

only,往往表示很遗憾的心情

Eg: I hurry to the store only to find it was closed.

背熟:The girl asked to see a timetable, feeling sure that her father could not have made such a mistake.

feeling sure that...

be brought up to do / have learnt to do

Eg: We have learnt to expect that trains are punctual.

We have been brought up to eat certain foods.

produce it with flourish

just as: 恰恰在这个时刻

背熟:The girl, tears streaming down her face, begged to be allowed to slip into the guard's van.

背熟:she had to watch that train disappear towards her destination while she was left behind.

disappear towards: 朝着什么什么消失

Lesson 60

Too early and too late

太早和太晚

Listen to the tape then answer the question below.

听录音,然后回答以下问题。

Why did the young girl miss the train?

Punctuality is a necessary habit in all public affairs in civilized society. Without it, nothing could ever be brought to a conclusion; everything would be in state of chaos. Only in a sparsely-populated rural community is it possible to disregard it. In ordinary living, there can be some tolerance of unpunctuality. The intellectual, who is working on some abstruse problem, has everything coordinated and organized for the matter in hand. He is therefore forgiven if late for a dinner party. But people are often reproached for unpunctuality when their only fault is cutting things fine. It is hard for energetic, quick-minded people to waste time, so they are often tempted to finish a job before setting out to keep an appointment. If no accidents occur on the way, like punctured tires, diversions of traffic, sudden descent of fog, they will be on time. They are often more industrious, useful citizens than those who are never late. The over-punctual can be as much a trial to others as the unpunctual. The guest who arrives half an hour too soon is the greatest nuisance. Some friends of my family had this irritating habit. The only thing to do was ask them to come half an hour later than the other guests. Then they arrived just when we wanted them.

If you are citing a train, it is always better to be comfortably early than even a fraction of a minted too late. Although being early may mean wasting a little time, this will be less than if you miss the train and have to wait an hour or more for the next one; and you avoid the frustration of arriving at the very moment when the train is drawing out of the station and being unable to get on it. An even harder situation is to be on the platform in good time for a train and still to see it go off without you. Such an experience befell a certain young girl the first time she was traveling alone.

She entered the station twenty minutes before the train was due, since her parents had impressed upon her that it would be unforgivable to miss it and cause the friends with whom she was going to stay to make two journeys to meet her. She gave her luggage to a porter and showed him her ticket. To her horror he said that she was two hours too soon. She felt inhere handbag for the piece of paper on which her father had written down al the details of the journey and gave it to the porter. He agreed that a train did come into the station at the time on the paper and that it did stop, but only to take on mail, not passengers. The girl asked to see a timetable, feeling sure that her father could not have made such a mistake. The porter went to fetch one and arrive back with the station master, who produced it with a flourish and pointed out a microscopic 'o' beside the time of the arrival of the train at his station; this little 'o' indicated that the train only stopped for mail. Just as that moment the train came into the station. The girl, tears streaming down her face, begged to be allowed to slip into the guard's van. But the station master was adamant: rules could not be broken and she had to watch that train disappear towards her destination while she was left behind.

New words and expressions 生词和短语

punctuality

n. 准时

rural

adv. 农村的

disregard

v. 不顾,无视

intellectual

n. 知识分子

abstruse

adj. 深奥的

coordinate

v. 协调

reproach

v. 责备

puncture

v. 刺破(轮胎)

diversion

n. 改道,绕道

trial

n. 讨厌的事,人

fraction

n. 很小一点儿

flourish

n. 挥舞(打手劳)

microscopic

adj. 微小的

adamant

adj. 坚定的,不动摇的

参考译文

准时是文明社会中进行一切社交活动时必须养成的习惯。不准时将一事无成,事事都会陷入混乱不堪的境地。只有在人口稀少的农村,才可以忽视准时的习惯。在日常生活中人们可以容忍一定程度的不准时。一个专心钻研某个复杂问题的知识分子,为了搞好手头的研究,要把一切都协调一致,组织周密。因此,他要是赴宴迟到了会得到谅解。但有些人不准时常常因为掐钟点所致,他们常常受到责备,精力充沛、头脑敏捷的人极不愿意浪费时间,因此他们常想做完一件事后再去赴约。要是路上没有发生如爆胎、改道、突然起雾等意外事故,他们决不会迟到。他们与那些从不迟到的人相比,常常是更勤奋有用的公民。早到的人同迟到的人一样令人讨厌。客人提前半小时到达是令人讨厌的。我家有几个朋友就有这有令人恼火的习惯。唯一的办法就是请他们比别的客人晚来半小时。这样,他们可以恰好在我们要求的时间到达。

如果赶火车,早到总比晚到好,哪怕早到一会儿也好。虽然早到可能意味着浪费一点时间,但这比误了火车等上一个多小时坐下班车浪费的时间要少,而且可以避免那种正好在火车驶出站时赶到车站,因上不去车而感到的沮丧。更难堪的情况是虽然及时赶到站台上,却眼睁睁地看着那趟火车启动,把你抛下。一个小姑娘第一次单独出门就碰到了这种情况。

在火车进站20分钟前她就进了车站。因为她的父母再三跟她说,如果误了这趟车,她的东道主朋友就得接她两趟,这是不应该的。她把行李交给搬运工并给他看了车票。搬运工说她早到了两个小时,她听后大吃一惊。她从钱包里摸出一张纸条,那上面有她父亲对这次旅行详细说明,她把这张纸条交给了搬运工。搬运工说,正如纸条所说,确有一趟火车在那个时刻到站,但它只停站装邮件,不载旅客。姑娘要求看到时刻表,因为她相信父亲不能把这么大的事弄错。搬运工跑回去取时刻表,同时请来了站长。站长拿着时刻表一挥手,指着那趟列车到站时刻旁边一个很小的圆圈标记。这个标记表示列车是为装邮件而停车。正在这时,火车进站了。女孩泪流满面,央求让她不声不响地到押车员车厢里去算了。但站长态度坚决,规章制度不能破坏,姑娘只得眼看那趟火车消逝在她要去的方向而撇下了她。
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